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A Brief Chronology of Life and Movement of  Dr. Ambedkar

1st Phase (1891 to 1918CE)

14 April 1891CE (Beginning of Ambedkar Era) Birth of Bhimrao (Bhiva) at MHOW, Madhya Pradesh India as fourteenth child of Subedar Ramji Sakpal and Bhimabai Sakpal. Ramji Sakpal was son of Maloraoji Sakpal and Bhimbai was daughter of Subedar Major Murbadkar. They were native of Dapoli in Ratnagiri District of Maharashtra, and belonged to Mahar Untouchable caste.

  • 1896 Birth of Parvati alias Ramabai daughter of Bhiku Dhotre and Rakma Dhotre of Wanad, Dapoli, Maharashtra.
  • 1900 Bhimrao enters 1st standard in Satara High School and was given a surname ‘Ambedkar’ for ‘Ambavadekar’ by teacher Krishnaji Keshav Ambedkar.First experience of untouchability are faced by Bhimrao.
  • 1904 Subedar Ramji moved the family from Satara to Bombay. Bhimrao was admitted in the Elphinstone High School next year.
  • 1907 Qualified matriculation. Dada Keluskar presented a copy of Biography of Buddha.
  • 1908 Joined the Elphinstone College for post-matriculation studies.
  • 1909-10 Married to Parvati, daughter of Bhikaji Wanadkar. The bride is renamed as Ramabai after marriage.
  • 12.1912 Birth of son Yeshwant to Ambedkar couple.
  • 1913 Qualified B.A. Examination from University of Bombay. Is appointed in the state service of Baroda as a Probationary Lieutenant.
  • 2nd 1913  Death of father Ramji Sakpal.
  • April 1913 Prince of Baroda Sayaji Gaikwad sanctioned a scholarship of 230 pounds per annum for pursuing higher education in USA. Appointed in the ‘Legislative Council’ of Baroda state.
  • July 1913 Joined Columbia University (USA) with economics sociology as major subjects.
  • 1913-15 Writes Dissertation for MA examination Ancient Indian Commerce. Later a new topic Administration and Finance of the East India Company was completed for MA degree.
  • 1916 Submits thesis The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India : A Study in the Provincial Decentralizations of Imperial Finance for Ph.D Presents paper Castes in India : Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development in Anthropology Seminar of A. A. Goldenweiser. Professors R. A. Seligmen, John Dewey and Goldenweiser A. A. influenced him the most. Others were James Shotwell, James Harrey Robinson, Franklin Giddings.
  • Nov 1916 Secured admission in London School of Economics and Political Science and Greys Inn for M.Sc. (Eco.) and Bar-AT-Law.
  • 1917 Had to leave studies due to expiration of Scholarship. On requested, granted permission by London University.
  • Nov. 1917 Joins as a Probationer in Accountant Generals office at Baroda state but have to return back Bombay due to caste humiliation and excommunication by the casteist residents of city and officials of the state.
  • 1918 Is appointed as Professor of political economy in the Sydenham College of Commerce, Bombay. Writes research paper Small Holdings In India and Their Remedies. Birth of Gangadhar, second son of Ambedkar’s.

2nd Phase (1919-27CE)

  • 1919 Gives evidence before the ‘Southbrough Committee’ regarding franchise.
  • 1920 Starts forthrightly periodical MookNayak (Leader of the Voiceless). Prince of Kolhapur State Chattrapati Shahu Maharaj extended financial help.
  • March-May 1920 Presides Mangaon Conference with Shahu Maharaj professing him to be the future leader of the country. Organises first All India Depressed Classes Conference, at Nagpur.With these conferences begun Ambedkar’s public life. Karmaveer Shindes Depressed Classes Mission is rebuked for its conservative patrimonial stand for DCs.
  • July 1920 Leaves for London to complete studies of D.Sc. and Bar-AT-Law at London University by saving money from salary, help from Shahu Maharaj and friend Naval Bhatena. He studies extensively in : University General Library ii) Goldsmith Library iii) British Museum Library iv) India Office Is invited by eminent philosopher Bertrand Russel for discussion on The Principles of Social Reconstruction.
  • 1921 Read a paper on Responsibilities of a Responsible Government in India before the students union, thought to be of a revolutionary nature by Ambedkar’s teacher Harold Laski. Provincial Decentralization of Imperial Finance In British India is accepted for M.Sc. (Eco.) Degree by the London University.
  • 5.1922 Secured admission in the Bonn University of Germany and started working on a thesis.
  • June 1922 Is awarded Bar-At-Law (Barrister) degrees by Greys-Inn, London.
  • 1922 Submitted Thesis The Problem of The Rupee – Its Origin and Solution for D.Sc. which was recasted in April 1923 from India on advice by Prof. Edwin Canan, for being excessively critical of the policies of HMG.
    1. Till his stay upto March 1923 in London Dr. Ambedkar stayed at 10, King Henry’s Road, Hampstead, Primorse Hill, London, NW3.
    2. It is being envisioned as an International Museum and Research Centre by Government of Maharashtra now.
  • July 1923 Starts Legal Practise at Bombay High Court and other District Courts.
  • 1923 Is awarded D.Sc. (Eco.) by London University for thesis The Problem of The Rupee.
  • 6.1924 Birth of son Rajratna to the Ambedkar’s.
  • July 1924 Established Bahiskrut Hitkarni Sabha (Depressed Classes Institute) with motto Educate ! Agitate ! Organize ! and aims & objects of social, educational, economical and cultural advancement of the DCs.
    1. Bahiskrit Bharat Prakashak Sanstha is founded in December.
  • June 1925 Accepts a part-time post of lecturer from June 1925 to March 1928 in the Batliboni’s Accountancy Training Institute, where he taught “mercantile law.”
  • 1925 Gave evidence before ‘Royal Commission On Indian Currency And Finance’ or Hilton Young Commission. His works The Problem of Rupee and The Evolution of Provincial Finance In British India were considered as authentic sources by the members of the Commission. This led to the formation of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) later in 1935.
  • 7.1926 The Ambedkar’s loose their dearest son Rajratna bringing deep grief and sorrow to both.
  • 1926 Is nominated to the Bombay Legislative Council.
  • March 1927 Launched ‘Mahad Satyagrah’ for human rights of the DCs. Argues for guaranteeing civil rights as “fundamental rights” in the constitution.
  • April 1927 Forthrightly Bahiskrut Bharat (Excommunicated India) was started. Bharat Bhushan Printing Press is also established later.
  • 1927 Samata Samaj Sangh (League For Equality) was founded. ‘Samta’ a forthrightly was started as Sanghs mouth piece in June 1928. Sobriquets Babasaheb for Dr. Ambedkar and Aaisaheb for Ramabai Ambedkar is coined by C. B. Khairmoday, the noted biographer of Dr. Ambedkar.
  • 25th 1927 In 2nd phase of Mahad Satyagrah, ‘Manusmriti’ the unjust and inhumane religious penal laws code book was burnt at the hands of untouchable ascetics and Babusaheb Shastrabudhe.
    1. ‘Declaration of Birth Rights of All Hindus’ are adopted on the lines of the ‘Declaration of Rights of Man’ of French National Assembly of 17th June 1789.

3rd Phase (1928 – 1934CE)

  • May 1928 A ‘Memorandum’ of behalf of BHS is submitted to the Indian Statutory Commission or Simon Commission by Dr. Ambedkar, concerning the rights of education and appointment to public services.
  • June 1928 ‘Depressed Classes Education Society’ is started for the spread of education among DCs.
    1. Joins as Professor at Government Law College, Bombay.
  • 1928 Is appointed on the Starte Committee, constituted to inquire into the educational, economic and social condition of the DCs. Critically evaluates Nehru Committee Report. Plays significant role in findings and drafting the Starte Committee Report.
  • May 1929 Submitted a Separate Memorandum to the Simon Commission emphasizing upon the “political rights” of the DCs.
  • March 1930 Launches ‘Kalaram Temple Satyagrah’ for “religious equality” and appeal to the conscience of caste Hindus.
  • 1930 Organised ‘All India Depressed Classes Congress’ at Nagpur, which resolved to upon the “political rights & safeguards” of the Untouchables of India.
    1. It was widely attended by representatives of Untouchables from different provinces of British India.
  • 1930 Participated in 1st Submitted a ‘memorandum’ ‘A Scheme of the Political Safeguards for the protection of the Depressed Classes in the Future Constitution of a ‘Self-Governing India’, jointly with R. Srinivasan. Argued for a ‘government’ by the people, of the people and for the people’ as a necessity for Swaraj.
  • Prepared presentation of the cases on the neglect of the Untouchables by the British Government, which denied then entry as members of the armed forces titled The Untouchables And The Pax Britannica. Writes The Problem of Indias Defense.
  •  8.1931 First meet between Dr. Ambedkar and M. K. Gandhi at Manibhavan,  Mumbai.
  • 1931 Participates in 2ndRTC, which saw an intense Gandhi – Ambedkar conflict on the issue of “separate electorates” and “constitutional recognition & rights of DCs.”
    1. Ambedkar and R. Srinivasan submit a ‘Supplementary Memorandum’ in addition to the one that submitted in 1stRTC, titled ‘Claims of the Depressed Classes for Special Representation.’
  • 1931 Was appointed as a member on the Lothian Committee on Franchise.
  • March 1932 ‘Raja-Moonje Pact’ on joint electorates and reserved seats, as differed from separate electorates was agreed between M. C. Rajah, and Dr. Moonje of Hindu Mahasabha.
  • May 1932 AIDCC, of Kamptee, Nagpur presided over by Muniswami Pillay repudiated the Raja-Moonje Pact and reaffirmed the Minorities Pact as ir-reducable minimum of the demands of DCs as agreed in RTC. Dr. Ambedkar guided the conference.
  • June 1932 Ambedkar confidentially reaches London with a 22 pages ‘Memorandum’ to pursue the demand of “separate electorates” and other rights of the DCs to the British PM and others.
  • 1932 ‘Communal Award’ was declared by the British PM. Gandhi decided to fast unto death as a protest against the Award.
  • 20th 1932   Gandhi begins his fast unto death at Yervada prison, Pune. Dr. Ambedkar puts “Charter of Demands’ as an alternative to “separate electorates.” Is coerced and blackmailed with threats to his life and that of the Untouchables by caste Hindus.
  • 24th 1932 ‘Poona Pact’ is signed between Him and Hindu representatives.
  • Dec. 1932 Attends 3rdRTC at London.
  • 1933 (or 1934) The Ambedkar family shifted to new residence ‘Rajgraih’ at Dadar, Mumbai, the first floor of which was designed completely for a massive library and research by Dr. Ambedkar.
  • March 1933 Maharaja Sayajirao Gaikwad spoke highly of Dr. Ambedkar at Ahilyashram, Pune.
  • May-Dec. 1933 Attends work of ‘Joint Committee on Indian Constitutional Reforms’, which resulted in the drafting of GOI Act 1935.
    1. In all the three RTCs and the Joint Committee, Dr. Ambedkar opined on many a significant aspects of constitutional significance of Tribals, Criminal Tribes, Women and Untouchables; excelled by all others.
  • 1933 In a letter written to Subedar Sawadkar from London, He discloses his inclination to embrace Buddhism.
  • 1933 Is appointed as a Fellow on the Law and Arts Department in Bombay University.
  • June 1934 Is appointed as a part-time professor at the Government Law College, Bombay University and later as its Principal in June 1935.
  • 1934 ‘Mumbai Municipal Kamgar Sangh’ is established by Dr. Ambedkar.

4th Phase (1935-1946CE)

  • 26 May 1935 Death of Ramabai Ambedkar due to prolonged illness. Husband Ambedkar plunges in deep grief and isolation.
  • 13th 1935 “I was born as a Hindu. It was not in my hands. But I shall not dies as a Hindu” was proclaimed by Dr. Ambedkar at Yeola Conference in Nashik. It threw a bomb-shell on the caste Hindus and other religionist, They tried to either dissuade from convertion or convinced to embrace their own religion.
  • 1935 Wrote his Autobiographical notes Waiting for A Visa. Was appointed on the ‘Academic Council’ of Bombay University as a syndicate member.
  • April 1936 Addresses ‘Sikh Conference’ at Amritsar. Annihilation of Caste, a treatise is completed for presenting in Jat Pat Todak Mandals Conference of Lahore. It is handed over to Harbagwan a worker of the Mandal by Him. Periyar E. V. Ramaswamy Naiker appeals the Thiyas/Ezahwas of Kerela to consider upon the conversion call of Dr. Ambedkar.
    • Movement spreads to Hyderabad with the formation of ‘Youth League of Ambedkarites’ in May.
  • May-June 1936 The Naigaon Conferences of Untouchables of Bombay Province, Ascetics and Devadasis, Muradis, Potrjas, Bhutes, Aradhis and Jotis support the “conversion call”, by adopting resolutions to this effect.
  • 15th 1936   ‘Independent Labour Party’ is formed. Its Manifesto declared, encompassing social, political, economical, educational and rural policy.
  • Jan. 1936 Visits London, Geneva and Germany for consultations on the constitutional position of Untouchables, subsequent upon conversion.
  • Feb. 1936 Campaigns for ILP. It wins and gains in all 21 seats in Bombay Province and CP & Berar. Dr. Ambedkar becomes a member of Bombay Legislative Assembly.
  • March 1937 Mahad Chavdar Cave is decided in the favour of DCs by the Bombay High Court. Dr. Ambedkar eloquently argued in the case.
    • Legislative work beguns.
  • 1937 ‘Municipal Workers Union’ in Bombay is formed by him. Slogan of Jai Bhim! is coined by Babu L. N. Hardas, MLA of ILP, from Kamptee (Nagpur).
    • A new dimension to ‘caste feudal religious slavery system’ of Khots, Halai and Mahar watan takes place with legislative action inside the legislature and movement outside for their abolition and redressal.
  • 1939 Federation versus Freedom speech is delivered in Kale Memorial Lecture function of Gokhale Institute, Poona.
  • March 1939 ILP working committee presided over by Dr. Ambedkar resolves on “complete independence” of India.
  • Oct. 1939 Stand on World War II is taken by ILP. Dr. Ambedkar considers it as a war between democracy and dictatorship, and appeals all free nations and people of India to defeat Hitler and Nazism. ILP supports the British Government in war.
  • 1939 A Bill on “birth-control” is brought by ILP in BLA, with a elucidation spoken on behalf of Dr. Ambedkar by P. J. Roham. Dr. Ambedkar considered “population policy” necessary for eradication of poverty.
  • March-April 1940 Thoughts on Pakistan the first edition is published. Its 3rdedition, dedicated to ‘Ramu’ (Ramabai) was published in 1946 under title Pakistan or Partition of India.
  • Jan 1941 Mahar Battalion was formed in Indian Army due to tireless efforts by Dr. Ambedkar. Recruitment of Untouchables in Army beguns once again.
  • May 1941 ‘Mahar Dnyati Panchayat Samiti’ was founded in Mumbai. It was later renamed as ‘Boudhjan Panchayat Samiti’ in 1956.
  • 21 July 1941 Is nominated on the ‘National Defence Council’ to advice the GOI on war matters.
  • 1941 Dr. Ambedkar appeals the Mahars to join the army; particularly the educated once.
  • 1941 Starts work on ‘Pali-English’ Dictionary.
  • 11th May 1942 The British Cabinet approved the proposed appointment of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in Viceroys Executive Council.
  • 18-20 May 1942 AIDCC at Nagpur is held. All India Scheduled Castes Federation is formed.
  • 27thJuly 1942 Hon’ble Dr. B. R. Ambedkar takes charge as Labour Member in Viceroys Executive Council in Delhi.
  • 1942  The Problems of Indias Untouchables and Their Place in The Future Constitution, a paper prepared by Dr. Ambedkar is placed in the Conference organised by Institute of Pacific Relations at Quebec, Canada. It is now published under title Mr. Gandhi And The Emancipation Of The Untouchables.
  • 1943 Delivers speech, Why Indian Labour is Determined To Win this War, which is broadcasted on All India Radio.
    • Delivers speech Ranade, Gandhi And Jinnah in presidential address at the Gokhale Hall, Pune.
  • 17, 1943 Delivers a talk on Labour And Parliamentary Democracy.
  • 1944 Wrote ‘Preface’ to the 3rdedition of Annihilation of Caste. ‘Scheduled Castes Improvement Trust’ was founded.
  • May 1945 Ambedkar delivered his address on The Communal Deadlock : A Way To Solve it.
  • June 1945 What Congress And Gandhi Have Done To The Untouchables was published.
  • July 1945 Peoples Education Society (PES) was formed.
  • Feb 1946 AISCF could win only 2 Provincial Assembly Seats in secondaries, inspite of wining 51 seats in the primaries.
  • March 1946 Represents before the Cabinet Delegation.
  • June 1946 A Critique of the Proposals of the Cabinet Mission is send to Prime Minister Atlee.
    • Siddharth College is stared.
    • Hon’ble Dr. B. R. Ambedkar could not be incorporated in the Interim Government, due to the non acceptance of HMG to take more than one representatives in Cabinet.
    • Till 24thJune 1946 Labour Member Dr. Ambedkar framed “water, power, labour and mineral policy” for reconstruction of India. Indeed He is the Father of Modern Scientific Industrial India !
  • 19thJuly 1946 Is elected to the Constituent Assembly from Jaisur and Khulna of Bengal Province with seven first preferential votes, defeating Sarat Chandra Bose. J. N. Mandal played a pivotal role in getting Dr. Ambedkar elected.
  • 1946 Wrote Untouchables On The Children Of Indias Ghetto.
  • 1946 Who Were The Shudras was published.
  • 17th 1946 Spoke on the “objectives resolution”, and an amendment proposal brought upon by M. R. Jaykar; is judged as a great nationalist and constitutionalist by Nehru and others.

Last Phase (1947 – 1956CE)

 1947 Prepared a memorandum The Suffering Of the Scheduled Castes in India Against the Hindus for their Acts of Social, Economic and Political Tyranny. Communicated with the radical leader of Negros in US Paul Duabois asking for help in presenting the matter before UNO. Duabois who was also in interaction with Martin Luther King Jr. replied affirmatively.

B. R. Ambedkar appointed to various committees of CA such as Union Constitution Committee; Advisory Committee; Sub-Committees on Minority Rights and Fundamental Rights. In His tenure in CA, Dr. Ambedkar was elected to 18 out of 23 committees and sub-committees, and worked on 20 of them.

  • 24thMarch 1947          States And Minorities was submitted to the Fundamental Rights Sub-Committee. A month later He wrote to Vallabhai Patel for setting up a separate committee on “economic planning” for formulating the economic safeguards of the people and minorities.
  • 3 June 1947 June 3 Plan on ‘Partion of India’ was announced. Very next day Dr. Ambedkar gave a timely advice to the Indian States to integrate in Indian Union, and rebuked Jinnah for interfering in the affairs of India.
  • 17 June 1947 Opined on the Constitutional position and international law regarding integration of states; lapse of paramountcy and non recognition of states by UNO.
  • 23 June 1947 National Standard reported that Dr. Ambedkar may be incorporated in the forthcoming cabinet.
  • 12thJuly 1947 Is reelected to the CA from Bombay, from the vacant seat of Poona, caused due to M. R. Jaykar’s resignation.
  • 3rd 1947  Dr. Ambedkar’s name is included in the Nehru Cabinet. On 15th August He become the first Law Minister of Independent India.
  • 29th 1947            CA adopts a resolution for constituting Drafting Committee. Dr. Ambedkar is elected on it, and very next day on 30th is “unanimously” elected as the Chairman of Drafting Committee.
    • His unanimous election to draft The Constitution of India, can be understood in the backdrop of his eminent constitutional expertise; stand taken of integration of states to prevent Balkanisation of India and compulsion of Congress to draft constitution which have been adviced by eminent foreign constitutionalists to consider Dr. Ambedkar, instead of any of the others, like Sir Ivor Jennings.
  • 1948 Book The Untouchables was completed. It is dedicated by Dr. Ambedkar to three Saints from Untouchables-Nandnar, Ravidas and Chokhamela; and was published in October.
  • 21 Feb. 1948 First Draft Constitution is submitted by the DC to CA.
  • 9 April 1948 Is appointed as the Chairman of Select Committee to study to Hindu Code Bill.
  • 15thApril 1948            Is married thirteen  years later of death of first wife Ramabai Ambedkar, to Ms. Sharda Kabir, at Delhi. She was a doctor and working at Malvankar’s clinic at Bombay.
  • 1948 Submits Memorandum Maharashtra as a Linguistic Province to the Linguistic Provinces Commission, chaired by S. K. Dhar.
  • 1948 India And The British Commonwealth, a note was prepared explicating upon India’s entry and exit in commonwealth on her own.
  • 1948 Started writing Riddles in Hinduism.
  • 17 Nov. 1949 Third and final reading of Constitution begun. The DC took only 141 days to draft the Constitution and CA 166 days. On 26th  1949 ‘The Constitution of India’ was adopted. A day before on 25th, Hon’ble Dr. Ambedkar delivered an enlightening speech to the Indian nation in making.
    • The DC and its Chairman are acknowledged by many in great terms.
  • May 1950 Planning for revival of Buddhism in India and the ideal of a ‘New World’ was articulated in article The Buddha And The Future of His Religion.
    • In an interview published in ‘Janta’, Babasaheb disclosed His commitment about embracing Buddhism.
    • Attended conference of ‘World Fellowship of Buddhists’ at Ceylon and opined on ‘Rise And Fall of Buddhism.’ Is interviewed by Mulkraj Anand, author of The Untouchable, at Cuffe Parade, Bombay.
  • 6.1950 Addressed the Legislative Assembly at Kerela, on Success of Parliamentary Democracy, on His way back from Srilanka.
  • 1950 Started taking classes in drawing and sculptor making.
    • He also learned violin, Pali and Sanskrit languages earlier, and was fond of gardening, cooking. He was compassionate to animals; His dogs. Dr. Ambedkar also knew Gujarati, Persian, French, German and other languages apart from mother tongue Marathi, and English which He considered very significant and wanted to be a language of learning in PES.
    • Booklet ‘Buddha Upasana Path’ is published.
  • 1950 Planted Bodhivraksha tree in the college premises at Auragabad.
  • May-June 1951 Wrote article Rise And Fall Of The Hindu Women : Who was Responsible for it, which was published in Mahabodhi Magzine.
  • July 1951 ‘Bhartiya Boudha Jansangh’ was formed. It was later transformed as ‘The Buddhist Society of India’ in 1954.
  • 27 Sep. 1951 Hon’ble Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, Law Minister of India resigned from Nehru  Cabinet the issue of HCB; non-appointment of Backward Classes  Commission, to Planning Ministry and upon foreign policy of Nehru Government.
  • 1951 (and after) AISCF, Madras Unit got elected four candidates to the Madras Legislative Assembly.
  • 1951 Forewarned Chinese invasion in a press interview to Journalists. A prognostication which came true in 1962 a decade later.
  • 1952 Was defeated in Parliamentary Elections from Mumbai irrespective of polling 1,23,576 votes. N. S. Kajrolkar of Congress won by a margin of 14,374 votes and was surprisingly supported by V. D. Savarkar of Hindu Maha Sabha for ensuring Dr. Ambedkar’s defeat, alike that of Congress.
  • April 1952 Is elected to Council of States (Rajya Sabha) from Bombay. He remained its member till his last breath. From December 1926 to December 1956, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar had a three decades of legislative and parliamentary experience, including that of RTCs and Joint-Committee on Indian Constitutional Reforms.
  • 5 June 1952 Columbia University conferred honorary degree of Doctor of Laws and Letters (LLD) upon DR. B. R. Ambedkar. It upheld Dr. Ambedkar :
    • “As a framer of the Constitution, member of the Cabinet and of the Council of States. One of Indias leading citizens, a great social reformer and a valiant upholder of human rights.”
  • 1952 Delivered talk on Conditions Precedent To The Successful Working of Democracy before Pune Bar.
  • 12 Jan. 1953 Osmania University conferred upon Dr. Ambedkar the honorary degree of Doctor of Literature (D. Litt.). It acknowledged Him :
    • “A person of great eminence, high attainments and distinguished services, one of the ablest lawyers, a preeminent legislator, a champion of the backward and downtrodden people of India.”
  • 1953-55 Represented before ‘First Backward Classes Commission’ or Kala Kalelkar Commission and suggested remedies for abolishing backwardness from India.
  • 1954 Started writing Riddles in Hinduism.
  • 1954 Correspondences with Dr. Flexi Valy C/o. American Express Co., Tokyo show plans of forming ‘Institute of Comparative Studies in Cultural History, Philosophy and Religion.’ Maharaja of Mysore donated five acres (two hectors) of land in Bangalore for Buddhist Religious Seminary planning of Babasaheb.
    • Declared his plans to write an ‘Autobiography’, which could however not be penned down.
  • 28th 1954 Publicly proclaimed :
    • “I am a Devotee of Gautam Buddha, Kabir, Mahatma Phooley and Worshipper of Learning, Self-Respect and Character.”
  • 1954 Advocated formation of 2nd capital for India, at Hyderabad. Critised Gyaneshwar for supporting chaturvarnya in Gyaneshwari. Reaffirmed one Britishers encomium of (perhaps Bervely Nicolas or Lord Gunter) being “one of the six intellectuals of the world.”
  • 1954 Spoke on Buddhist Movement in India : A Blue Print, in Rangoon, Burma; enunciating plans of making Buddhist India.
  • Post 1954 Sketched a portrait of Lord Buddha and wrote below it :
    • “Lord Buddha – The Light Of The World !”
  • Jan-March 1955 In an interview to BBC, London, Dr. Ambedkar refuses to acknowledge Gandhi as a Mahatma; “not even from the point of morality.” He reaffirmed that he never called Gandhi a Mahatma in His life.
  • March 1955 Cheruma Mahasabha of Travancore (Kerala) support Babasaheb’s decision to embrace Buddhism, and pledge to do so.
  • May 1955 ‘The Buddhist Society of India’ is given a Legal Status by registering it.
  • 24thMay 1955 Babasaheb declared his resolve to embrace Buddhism in October 1956, at Bombay.
  • June 1955 Thoughts on Linguistic States is completed, to be submitted to 1stStates Reorganization Commission.
  • July-Aug. 1955 ‘Mumbai Ilakha Kanistha Gaokamgar Sangh’ for redressing problems of Mahar Watan was formed by Dr. Ambedkar.
  • 1956 Started periodical ‘PraBuddha Bharat’. In Dec. 1955 wished to form Republican Party of India.
  • 1956 ‘Buddha Bhushan Printing Press’ was established.
  • 20 Feb. 1956 Nagpur and 14th October ‘Vijaydashmi’ was decided for conversion to Buddhism.
    • Same month booklet ‘Buddha Pooja Path’ written by Babasaheb is published.
  • 15thMarch 1956          Wrote Preface of The Buddha And His Dhamma and also its ‘Introduction.’
  • July 1956 The ‘Training School for Entrance To Politics’ is establish at Pune.
  • 1956 In an interaction with Sohanlal Shastri and others He disclosed the goals of reviving Buddhist culture and make India Buddhist. Babasaheb also explained reasons for selecting Nagpur due to its Nagavanshi history and culture.
  • 1956 Communications with Wamanrao Godbole of Bhartiya Boudjana Samiti, Nagpur regarding preparations of conversion took place.
  • 1956 Blue print of ‘Republican Party of India’ is produced.
    • Work on book The Riddles In Hinduism is completed.
    • Communications with Rammanohar Lohia are made, in relation to formation of RPI.
  • 11th 1956 Babasaheb reached Nagpur by flight and is placed at Shyam Hotel at Sitabuldi,.
  • 14th 1956 Babasaheb Dr. Ambedkar embraces Buddhism with Trisharans and Panchsheela at the hands of Bhikku Chandramani, and administers 22 vows to over half a million followers.
    • Next day again Dhamma Deeksha is administered, and a famous speech is delivered by Babasaheb.
  • 16th 1956 Dhamma Deeksha is given by Him to over 0.30 million people at Chandrapur.
    • In all, over one million persons are administered Dhamma Deeksha just in three days making it as the greatest conversion of word history.
  • 23rd 1956 Bhikku Chandramani, in a public programme at Bombay describes Babasaheb as “New Buddha (Nav Buddha).”
  • 15-20th 1956       Attends World Buddhist Conference, at Nepal. Delivers famous speeches Why I Embraced Buddhism? And, Buddha or Karl Marx?
  • 24-25th 1956       Addresses students conference at BHU; Monks and people at Sarnath, on way to Delhi from Nepal.
  • 5th 1956   Meets delegates of Jains, who also consider him as a Nav Buddha.
    • They wished to embrace Buddhism and requested for a meeting with Jain Muni, very next day.
    • Discussed on salient features of Buddhism and Jainism.
    • At around 23.30 – 23.40 hrs in night He asked Nanakchand Rattu to leave, and before leaving place Preface and Introduction of The Buddha And His Dhamma, for final touches.
  • 6th 1956   Babasaheb Dr. Ambedkar demised. The Mahaparinirvan took place, amidst suspicion on 6th December.
    • Council of States (Rajyasabha) and House of People (Loksabha) paid homage.
    • The mortal remains were taken to Bombay, via Nagpur on same night. Sea of humanity flocked the Arabian Sea at ‘Rajgrah.’
  • 7th 1956   Last rites were performed according to Buddhist culture and tradition at Mumbai. A condolence on 9th was performed and around 0.15 million people embraced Buddhism on the call of B. K. Gaikwad. Bhadant Anand Kausalyan administered the “Dhamma Deeksha.”
    • A memorial of Mahaparinirvan is now in place as Chaityabhoomi, Dadar, Mumbai.
    • 26 Alipur Road, Delhi, is declared as a ‘Dr. Ambedkar National Memorial.’
  • 14thApril 1990            B. R. Ambedkar was awarded the Highest Civilian Award – Bharat Ratna, posthumously.
  • 2013 Columbia University has incorporated Dr. Ambedkar in the names of ten best scholars in its history.
  • 15th 2012            Dr. B. R. Ambedkar is declared as “Greatest Indian” by a Survey of Channels H, CNN-IBN and BBC.
  • 26th-27th 2015     Parliament of India held “Special Sittings” To Commemorate 125th Birth Anniversary Celebration of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. He was held by many MPs in highest esteem for His contribution for Indian Constitution and Nation.
  • 2015 10 King Henry’s Road, Hampstead, London; residence where Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar stayed in 1921-22 is purchased and declared as an “international centre” by Government of Maharashtra.
    • Babasaheb Dr. B. R. Ambedkar – the greatest intellectual, humanitarian philosopher, revolutionary and statesman of the world; Father of Indian Constitution; Father of Enlightened New India and World continues to confront us on all the ignorances and injustices. Be it social, political, economic, constitutional, religious or cultural. Babasaheb – The New Buddha continues to enlighten humanity for removal of human sufferings and making the world happy, by reconstruction of world !


Note : For detail chronology of over 2500 dates and entries, See Life and the Greatest Humanitarian Revolutionary Movement of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar – A Chronology, 2nd ed., 2013, Blue World Series, Nagpur by this Author.


This Ambedkarpedia on Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is Prepared


Vijay Mankar

An Authority on Ambedkarism in World !

An Author of “Intellectual Biography”,

“Chronology” of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar and

Plans of Ambedkarism !

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