Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar – the greatest intellectual, humanitarian philosopher, revolutionary & statesman of the world.
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar [Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar]; (14th April 1891CE – 6th December 1956CE) revered and adored as Babasaheb was a philosopher, humanitarian revolutionary, economist, barrister, constitutional scholar, sociologist, political scientist, journalist, historian, parliamentarian, statesman, intellectual, and liberator of Oppressed Majority – the Bahujans & Women of India. Born in India in an untouchable Mahar community having indigenous Nagvanshi heritage, and military history, He went on to become the Father of Indian Constitution, which changed the destiny of the Varnabahayas [SCs, STs, DNTs], Shudras [OBCs] and Women of India. He also orchestrated the biggest mass conversion of world to Buddhism in 1956. He wrote many published works during his life time which run in thousands of pages published in (22+2=24) 24 volumes by the Government of Maharashtra (India). The Loksabha Secretariat has also published 12 volumes of Constituent Assembly Debates. Some of the writings & speeches remain yet to be published. These are colossal and profound in nature, not only in the terms of pages which are well above twenty five thousand; but the concepts, ideas and enlightenment that they reflect on various issues and subjects. The most notable being Annihilation of Caste (1936), States And Minorities (1947), Buddha or Karl Marx (1955), The Problem of The Rupee : Its Origin and Its Solutions (1923), Ranade, Gandhi and Jinnah (1943), What Congress and Gandhi Have Done To The Untouchables (1945), Pakistan or The Partition of India (1946), Who Were The Shudras? (1946), The Untouchables (1948), Philosophy of Hinduism (1955), Riddles in Hinduism (1955), The Buddha And His Dhamma (1956); ; Dr. Ambedkar successfully liberated the Bahujans & Women and created Constitutional & Democratic India. His life, work, movement, ideas & enlightenment are unparalleled and are known as Ambedkarism.
- Chairman of The Constitution Drafting Committee – 30th August 1947 to 26th November 1949.
- 1st Law Minister of Independent India – 15th August 1947 to 10th October 1951.
- Member of 18 Committees and Sub-committees of Constituent Assembly.
- Labour Member, Viceroy’s Executive Council – July 21, 1942 to June 24, 1946.
- Held charge of Labour, Irrigation and Power Portfolio. Also of Public Works and Mines.
- Eminent Parliamentarian and Legislature for three decades.
- Nominated to Bombay Legislative Council – December 1926-1936.
- Elected to Bombay Legislative Council – February 1937.
- Elected to Constituent Assembly – July 19, 1946 from Bengal Province (Jaisur & Khulna) and re-elected on July 12, 1947 from Pune (Bombay Province).
- Elected to Council of States (Rajyasabha) – April 1952 from Bombay : General
- Principal, Government Law College, Bombay University 1934-37.
- Syndicate Member, Academic Council, Bombay University 1935-37.
- One of the best 10 Alumini of Columbia University’s History – posthumously.
Born : 14th April 1891CE (AE1) at MHOW, Central Provinces, now Madhya Pradesh, Bharat, Jambudveep (India).
Family Ancestry : Ramji Maloji Sakpal (father), Bhimabai Major Murbadkar (mother), Ambavade village, Dapoli, Ratnagiri District, Maharashtra.Untouchable Mahar community [Now Scheduled Castes. Indigenous Nagvanshi since Indus Valley Civilization, originators of “Shraman Culture” and propounders of Buddhism].
1st Ramabai B. Ambedkar 1909-10 to 1935
2nd Savita B. Ambedkar 1948 – 2003
Children : Yeshwant (lived; 4 dead)
Nationality : Indian
Alma Matter : University of Bombay,Columbia University,London School of Economics and Political Science; Greys Inn, London, Bonn University (6 months, intermittently left)
Education : M.A., Ph.D. (Columbia University), M.Sc., D.Sc. (London School of Economics and Political Science), Bar-At-Law (Grey’s Inn, London)
Practice : High Court, Bombay and Supreme Court of India. Various District Courts
Awards : Bharat Ratna (Highest Civilian Award of India)
Honorary Degrees Conferred : LLD. by Columbia University June 1952. , D.Lit. by Osmania University, January 1953.
Region : Western Philosophy and Buddhism
School of Thought : Ambedkarism
Main Interests : Economics, Constitution, Law, Sociology, Politics, Policies, History, Religion, Culture, Philosophy.
Influences : Buddha, Dewey.
Influenced : Many in India and World.
Historical Work : Liberation of Untouchables, Tribals, Backwards and Women; The Constitution of India; Revival of Buddhism and New Dhamma for a New World; Universal Philosophy of Ambedkarism.
Residence : Mumbai, New York, London, Bonn, New Delhi.
Era : 20th Century (Ambedkar Era 1891CE).
Religion : Kabirpanth, Hindu by birth; Buddhism by conversion (choice) on October 14, 1956.
Great Demise : 6th December 1956 (at the age of 65 yrs. 7 months and 21 days).
Notable Ideas : Annihilation of caste and Ideal Society; States and Minorities; State Socialism; Labour and Parliamentary Democracy; Buddha or Karl Marx; Exposition of Equality, Liberty, Fraternity, Justice; Individual and Free Social Order; Democracy [political, parliamentary, social, economic, labour, constitutional, moral & intellectual democracy] and Democratic World Order; Labour and New World Order; Constitution, Constitutional rights & safeguards, Constitutionalism; brahmanism and Hinduism [as anti-human, anti-social, anti-democratic, anti-national philosophy & order]; Reorganization of India; New India and its Policies; Humanism; Modern World New World; The Buddha And His Dhamma; reconstruction of world and removal of human sufferings.